Falkirk is a beautiful little town that can be found in the Central Lowlands of Scotland. It lies in the Forth Valley between the two most populated cities of the country, Edinburgh and Glasgow. Much like the rest of Scotland, Falkirk has a mild climate, especially when one considers that Moscow and Labrador share the same latitude.
A Cultural Hub
Although it is a relatively small town in comparison to its close neighbors, there are a wide range of cultural facilities in Falkirk. In Falkirk lies Callendar House, a great museum with research facilities and revolving exhibitions. The town hall in Falkirk is used as a hub for arts and events, including films. Scotland’s annually held national street arts festival Big is Falkirk is held here.
The History of Falkirk
Falkirk has a long and rich history. The Antonine Wall, a stone and turf fortification built by the Romans in the second century, passed through the town remnants of which can be seen at Callendar Park.
In the 1700s, Falkirk served as the birthplace of Scotland's Industrial Revolution and became the earliest major center of the iron-casting industry. Because Falkirk had a great abundance of coal and iron, it led the industrial revolution. In 1760 The Carron Iron Company opened its first furnace, and it ultimately became the biggest smelting works in Europe by 1800.
The Union Canal and the Forth and Clyde Canal were both built to transport materials and goods to remote markets. The canals were recently restored for navigation and leisure where tourists can find The Falkirk Wheel at the canal intersection.
Two major battles have taken place in the town of Falkirk, the First Battle of Falkirk in 1298 when William Wallace was defeated by Edward’s English army and the Battle of Falkirk Muir in 1746 when the government forces were defeated by Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Jacobites.
Getting to Falkirk
Traveling to Falkirk should prove to be easy as there are two railroad stations Falkirk High and Falkirk Grahamston. In addition, Falkirk is conveniently placed between Edinburgh and Glasgow, both of which have major airports.